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Research

Research Projects - Current and Previous

Research projects conducted by the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering has been sponsored by the National Science Foundation(NSF); National Aeronautics and Space Administration(NASA); U.S. Corps of Engineers(USAE); U.S. Geological Survey(USGS); U.S. Air Force(USAF); state, regional and local agencies; and private industries.

Current faculty research projects and interests span a wide range of technical areas as described below;

Coastal Engineering

  • documented evidence of the impact of seawalls on adjacent beaches
  • economic alternatives to increase the fill life of renourished beaches
  • current effects on wave transformation in shallow water
  • computer-aided design of coastal structures
  • physics of breaking water waves on beaches
  • coastal waves and current numerical modeling systems

Environmental Engineering

  • particle removal and ozone in water treatment
  • coagulation and organics removal
  • environmental monitoring
  • transport and fate of contaminants in lakes and reservoirs
  • chemical equilibrium modeling
  • water quality modeling
  • dewatering of water treatment residuals
  • water and wastewater process evaluation studies
  • organic matter and disinfection
  • by-product precursor characterization
  • toxicity characterization of wastewater
  • effluent and residuals disposal
  • water quality assesment/management
  • watershed-scale distributed parameter modeling of nonpoint source pollution
  • particle and contaminant transport/fate modeling
  • dewatering of dredged materials
  • air pollution control
  • hazardous waste management
  • freeze drying of sludge
  • surface and groundwater modeling
  • water quality modeling and simulation
  • GIS-based uni-directional flushing modeling
  • DNAPL site characterization adn remediation of superfund site
  • GIS-based spatial/temporal environmental modeling & simulation
  • GIS-based uni-directional flushing modeling
  • engineering geographic information systems(GIS) application development

Geotechnical and Earthquake Engineering

  • granular mechanics
  • soil dynamics
  • soil liquefaction during earthquakes
  • soil-structure interaction

Structural Engineering

  • base isolation and energy absorptions for bridges
  • fatigue fracture
  • fiber reinforced concrete
  • finite element analysis
  • nonlinear optimization
  • parallel computing techniques in nonlinear structural mechanics
  • parallel-vector algorithms for computational structural mechanics
  • passive damping of space structures
  • polymer-fiber composite materials
  • stability and behavior of steel structures
  • structural optimization
  • sub-base stabilization with solid waste fly ash

Water Resources Engineering

  • channelized overland flow
  • computational hydraulics
  • engineering geographic information systems(GIS) application development
  • flood frequency analysis and flood routing
  • GIS in large-scale modeling and simulation
  • GIS in water resources engineering
  • GIS-based spatial/temporal environmental modeling & simulation
  • stochastic/statistical hydrology
  • stormwater runoff from marine drydocks
  • surface and groundwater modeling
  • transport and fate of contaminants in lakes and reservoirs
  • urban storm-drainage systems
  • urban stormwater management
  • water quality modeling

Transportation Engineering

  • Hampton Road Evacuation Study
  • Primary and secondary Incident Management
  • Case-based Reasoning
  • Economic Impact of Traffic Incidents on NC Interstate Facilities
  • Innovative Large Truck Speed Enforcement